Fish Are Moving to Poles, and Management Isn't Keeping Up
- The researchers looked at 10 East Coast ports, where water temperatures are rising especially quickly and found that the species fishermen were attempting to catch had shifted north by as much as 200 kilometers since the 1970s.
- It's rare that fishers follow stocks -- it costs more money to take a longer voyage -- but allows some larger vessels to take advantage of the quotas allowed at different ports.
Why This Matters
Fishery managers set limits on when, where, and how many fish of each species can be caught in a given region. Most current policies still assume fish populations are in equilibrium and haven't taken population shifts into account. This study can help inform management to update their regulations, which could allow boats to still fish close to their home port.
As the study authors write:
While fisheries in the Northeast United States have a long history of social and economic transformations, climate change has the potential to compound already unprecedented levels of fishing industry consolidation, community decline, and livelihood precarity.
Overfishing and Climate Change
In New England, the situation with Atlantic cod highlights the intersection of past fishery management decisions and future ones. Cod is overfished and many of the species’ old spawning grounds have been destroyed, leaving the fish with a near-zero chance of rebuilding their numbers any time soon. Over the past decade, management decisions that didn’t take the rapidly-warming Gulf of Maine into account may have allowed too many fish to be caught. Now, the climate crisis is disrupting spawning and their food source -- and leaving fishers increasingly squeezed.
Perspective from the Fishing Boats
Fishers observe the shifts in the ocean firsthand, giving them unique insight as to how fish stocks are changing. And while many of the fishers interviewed for the study noted changes in the fish they caught and the water's warming, they chalked it up to "cyclic changes" and saw scientists as "over-attributing [outcomes] to climate change." This perception is also a data point: "Rather than any simple rejection or countering of scientists' climate change claims," the authors write, "we find fishers' theories of environmental change to be important qualifications relative to how climate change is experienced 'on the ground.'"
Vox: Why Atlantic fish are invading the Arctic, April 23, 2018.
Pacific Community: Pacific Tuna: Feeling the Heat, July 27, 2021.