Private Investment Revolution
President Biden's virtual Leaders Summit on Climate is over and dozens of companies have announced significant investments in renewable energy, electric vehicles, and conservation to help the US reach net zero emissions by 2050.
It also became clear that the global financial sector will be subject to increased pressure to deploy capital toward projects that achieve a clean energy transition while also ceasing to finance fossil fuel and other environmentally destructive endeavors.
Why This Matters
We need to rethink finance for the climate era in order for the world to have its best chance at the scale that's needed. This week saw needed steps toward this goal.
- On Wednesday, the launch of the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero was announced which brings together over 160 firms (with combined assets in excess of $70 trillion) to accelerate the transition to net zero emissions by 2050 at the latest.
- Likewise, an additional 43 banks (including Bank of America) in 23 countries have joined a Net-Zero Banking Alliance, setting their own zero-carbon pledges for 2050.
Teamwork Makes the Green Work
"Historically, a lot of the climate negotiations have focused exclusively on governmental resources," said a Biden administration official to the Washington Post. "The agenda here is…to really think about private capital and how that private capital, perhaps blended with some government resources, can substantially enhance the overall financial capacity to address climate."
Despite continued bankrolling of deforestation and biodiversity loss, some financial leaders are encouraging financial institutions to move their portfolios away from fossil fuels, logging, and mining. In January, Larry Fink, the CEO of BlackRock, the world’s largest asset management company, told his clients in a yearly letter that sustainable practices, carbon emissions, and climate game plans would all be taken into account in the company’s current and future investments. He encouraged the entire financial industry to implement similar policies. In fact two weeks ago BlackRock announced the final close of their Global Renewable Power Fund III on $4.8 billion (their initial target was $2.5 billion). Is this a turning point for investors?
The Biggest Needs
Those most in need of private investment are lower-income countries that lack the resources and capital to revolutionize their energy economy. This week’s summit aimed to give these nations a forum to discuss the flow of global capital. President Biden has proposed $1.2 billion over the next two years, in addition to the $2 billion previously stymied by former President Trump, for the Green Climate Fund, which assists developing nations with climate adaptation and mitigation.
But developing nations are also seeking private investment. "Simply put, the most vulnerable countries on the front lines need climate finance in order to survive climate change," said Antigua and Barbuda’s UN Ambassador, Aubrey Webson. "For the envisioned transition to low-emission, climate-resilient pathways, global financial flows need to be redirected accordingly."
Copyright © 2021 Our Daily Planet. Reprinted here with permission. This version may have been edited from the original article published on April 22, 2021.